Regulations created by administrative agencies are primary materials such as statutes and cases. Final rules and regulations of federal agencies are first published in the Federal Register, which comes out each business day, except Federal holidays. They are eventually published in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), which is a subject compilation of the rules and regulations in effect at the time of its publication. This guide offers more information about the Federal Register and the CFR and how to locate them.
Included in the Federal Register are final regulations, proposed regulations, notices of administrative actions (such as hearings), presidential proclamations and executive orders, reorganization plans, and other documents that the President orders to be published (including determinations, letters, and memorandums).
When a notice of proposed rulemaking or a proposed rule is printed in the Federal Register, the agency states why the rule is needed and under what “authority” [enabling act] the rule is promulgated. Names and telephone numbers of agency contacts are given so that the agency can receive comments on the proposed rule. These contacts can be very helpful when information is needed on regulatory activity in a particular area.
When the final rule is published in the Federal Register, a statement is usually included, summarizing the comments received and stating any changes in the final rule. There is also a citation to the Federal Register where the proposed rule was printed.
The “Unified Agenda” is published in the Federal Register during October and April of each year. The “Agenda” is a good place to review and prepare for any regulatory activity. Each agency lists the following in the “Agenda”:
Federal Register Citation Format:
Here is a sample Federal Register citation: 55 Fed. Reg. 41,174 (1990).
The citation refers to page 41,174 of volume 55 of the Federal Register, published in 1990.
The final regulations of federal agencies can be found in the CFR. The CFR is divided into 50 subject areas, called titles. The individual titles are arranged into chapters according to the issuing agency. The chapters are then divided into parts, which are further divided into sections.
The CFR is revised once a year, but not all at once. It is revised according to the following schedule:
Code of Federal Regulations Citation Format:
Here is a sample CFR citation: 14 CFR § 1240.100 (2000).
The citation refers to title 14, part 1240, section 100 of the 2000 CFR.
Looseleaf materials may have the full text of regulations or citations to regulations. Examples of Looseleaf publications with CFR citations are: Federal Banking Law Reporter, Labor Relations Reporter and Standard Federal Tax Reporter.
To locate looseleaf publications of interest, look at Legal Looseleafs in Print on Reserve at KF1 .L42.
Do not forget to update your research. To update a CFR section:
Shepards and KeyCite list citations to regulations in federal and state court opinions, law review articles, and American Law Reports (“ALR”) annotations.
Cornell Law School Legal Information Institute
Westlaw Patron Access
JOHN J. ROSS - WILLIAM C. BLAKLEY LAW LIBRARY
PO BOX 877806 • 1102 S MCALLISTER AVE • TEMPE, AZ 85287-7806 • 480-965-6144 • FAX: 480-965-4283