Human Trafficking Research Guide


Scope

Secondary Sources
Domestic Human Trafficking
International Human Trafficking

Scope

This research guide is designed to assist students, scholars, and practitioners in researching issues related to human trafficking. The guide details resources for information on both domestic and international human trafficking including treatises, journals, reports, databases, domestic and international laws, and web resources.

Secondary Sources

Treatises

Below is a short list of treatises in the Law Library collection related to human trafficking. You can search for other books in the library catalog by using subject headings such as: Human trafficking, Forced labor, and Human rights.
 
Human Trafficking: Exploring the International Nature, Concerns, and Complexities (2012)
Human Trafficking: Exploring the International Nature, Concerns, and Complexities is a collected work that provides a comprehensive overview of the topic of human trafficking. The text addresses the different types of human trafficking, how the criminal justice system responds to human trafficking, programs and policies designed to protect victims, data collection, and the challenges for national and international capacity building.
 
The International Law of Human Trafficking (2012)
The International Law of Human Trafficking provides an organized explanation of the current state of international law as it applies to human trafficking. The book contains chapters on the international definition of human trafficking, the legal framework for addressing it, state responsibility for trafficking, and issues of compliance and implementation.
 
From Human Trafficking to Human Rights: Reframing Contemporary Slavery (2012)
From Human Trafficking to Human Rights is a collected work that focuses on human trafficking as a human rights issue and presents information on both domestic and international effects of human trafficking.
 
Human Trafficking: A Global Perspective (2010)
Human Trafficking: A Global Perspective examines all forms of international human trafficking and explores the worldwide rise of the issue, the financial aspects of human trafficking, and its regional impact.
 

Bibliographies

Data and Research on Human Trafficking: Bibliography of Research-Based Literature (2008)
This bibliography was written by Elzbieta M. Gozdiak and Micah Bump of the Institute for the Study of International Migration at Georgetown University. It lists journal articles, reports, and books on human trafficking.
 
Bibliography on Trafficking in Persons
The United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute produced this bibliography on resources related to international human trafficking. 
 
Human Trafficking and Modern Slavery Bibliography
This bibliography is part of the University of Texas at Arlington Bibliography Series. It lists resources on modern day slavery and international human trafficking.
 

Law Reviews and Journals

International Journal of Children’s Rights
The International Journal of Children’s Rights is an interdisciplinary journal that focuses on critical leadership and practical policy development as it relates to children’s rights in all parts of the world. The journal is available on HeinOnline and as an ASU e-journal.
 
Human Rights Quarterly
Human Rights Quarterly is published by the Johns Hopkins University Press and offers information on developments within the United Nations and regional human rights organizations. It also presents articles on human rights research and policy analysis, book reviews, and philosophical essays which examine the fundamental nature of human rights.
The journal is available on HeinOnline and as an ASU e-journal.
 
Human Rights Brief
Human Rights Brief is published three times a year by the Center for Human Rights and Humanitarian Law at the American University Washington College of Law. The journal reports on developments in international human rights and humanitarian law and provides legal analysis of contemporary human rights issues. Select issues of the Brief are available on the Washington College of Law website, and full coverage is available on HeinOnline and Westlaw.
 
Columbia Human Rights Law Review
The Columbia Human Rights Law Review is published by Columbia University School of Law and is dedicated to analysis and discussion of human rights and civil liberties under both domestic and international law. The journal publishes scholarly articles written by professors, legal practitioners, and students. It is available on HeinOnline and Westlaw.
 

Reports

2012 UNODC Global Report on Trafficking in Persons
The 2012 UNODC Global Report on Trafficking in Persons Report provides an overview of global, regional, and national human trafficking. 
 
U.S. Department of State Trafficking in Persons Reports
The U.S. Department of State’s annual Trafficking in Persons Report provides a global look at the nature and scope of human trafficking and the broad range of government actions to confront it. It also analyzes the efforts of each nation in the world to comply with the Trafficking Victims Protection Act standards for the elimination of trafficking.
 
2004 United Nations Development Programme Trafficking in Human Beings Guidance Note
This report provides an overview of international human trafficking and provides recommendations for combating the problem.
 
Human Rights Watch World Reports
Human Rights Watch produces an annual report that summarizes human rights conditions in countries and territories across the globe.
 
Trafficking in Persons: U.S. Policy and Issues for Congress
This 2010 Congressional Research Service (CRS) report provides a plethora of information on human trafficking within the United States as well as a discussion of the international human trafficking problem.
 
Trafficking in Persons in Latin America and the Caribbean
This 2013 CRS report provides information on human trafficking in Latin America and the Caribbean, including statistics, regional and country anti-trafficking efforts, and issues for policy consideration.
 

Databases and Indexes

 National Institute of Justice – Human Trafficking Publication Search
The National Institute of Justice (NIJ) Human Trafficking Publication Search offers access to NIJ publications and multimedia resources on human trafficking.
 
Criminal Justice Abstracts
Criminal Justice Abstracts indexes journal articles dealing with criminal justice and related disciplines and contains the full text of selected resources. Coverage is from 1968 to the present.  
 
PAIS International
PAIS International is an index to articles and government and nongovernmental reports dealing with public and social policy.  Coverage is from 1972 to the present.
 
Contemporary Women’s Issues
Contemporary Women’s Issues contains the full-text of domestic and international journal articles, newsletters, and research reports dealing with women’s issues. Coverage is from 1992 to the present.
 
Women’s Studies International
Women’s Studies International indexes international journals and books dealing with political, social, and cultural women’s issues.   Coverage is from 1972 to the present.
 

Domestic Human Trafficking

 Federal Legislation and Regulations

United States Code
The United States Code is the codification by subject matter of the laws of the United States. It is divided into fifty-one subject titles. 
Below are selected federal statutes related to human trafficking:
  • Title 22, Chapter 78 of the U.S. Code – Trafficking Victims Protection
  • The Victims of Trafficking and Violence Prevention Act of 2000 (TVPRA)  TVPRA combats trafficking in persons and specifically address the sex trade, slavery, and involuntary servitude. It has been reauthorized three times since its initial passage: TVPRA 2003, TVPRA 2005, and TVPRA 2008.
  • PROTECT Act of 2003 The PROECT Act (Prosecutorial Remedies and Other Tools to End the Exploitation of Children Today) aims to protect children from abuse and sexual exploitation, a common element of child trafficking.
  • The Mann Act of 1910 The Mann Act and its subsequent amendments make it illegal to knowingly induce or coerce an individual to travel across state lines to engage in prostitution or other sexual activity.
Code of Federal Regulations
The Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) is the codification of the general and permanent rules published in the Federal Register by the executive departments and agencies of the federal government. 
  • The official CFR is accessible on the U.S. Government and Printing Office Federal Digital System website. The U.S. Government Printing Office also offers the e-CFR online, which although unofficial is the most current resource for federal regulations.
  • Both Westlaw and LexisNexis have the CFR available.

State Legislation and Regulations

State Human Trafficking Laws
The National Conference of State Legislatures has compiled a list of state laws related to human trafficking.
 
Polaris Project State Map 
The Polaris Project has compiled information on human trafficking by state, including a listing of relevant state laws and organizations within each state that combat trafficking.
 
LexisNexis Human Trafficking 50-State Survey
This 2013 50-state survey links to state statutes and regulations for the 49 states which have criminalized human trafficking. 
 

Federal and State Case Law

Human Trafficking Law Project Database
The University of Michigan Law School’s Human Trafficking Law Project Database provides access to human trafficking cases within the United States.

Westlaw, LexisNexis, and Bloomberg Law

Both federal and state cases can be searched by keyword in the legal databases Westlaw, LexisNexis, and Bloomberg Law.
 

Federal Agencies

U.S. Department of Justice
The Department of Justice investigates cases of human trafficking and prosecutes traffickers.
 U.S. Department of State
The Department of State coordinates international anti-trafficking efforts. 
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
The Department of Health and Human Services is responsible for certifying victims of human trafficking, which allows them to receive federal services.
 U.S. Department of Homeland Security
The Department of Homeland Security is responsible for investigating human trafficking, arresting traffickers and protecting victims.
U.S. Agency for International Development
The Agency for International Development (USAID) funds international programs that combat human trafficking and assist victims.

International Human Trafficking

International Instruments Related to Human Trafficking

Below is a list of selected international instruments related to human trafficking, as well as a resource that provides information on human trafficking-related legislation for many countries of the world.

  • The Protocol to Prevent, Suppress, and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children
  • The Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Lands, Sea, and Air
 
 
 
 
 
International Anti-Trafficking Legislation – The Protection Project
The Protection Project provides links to human trafficking-related legislation for many countries of the world. Not all legislation is translated into English.
 

United Nations Bodies

Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)
The U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime focuses on the criminal justice element of human trafficking and works to combat trafficking internationally. The UNODC website on human trafficking provides information on international human trafficking and smuggling, including a news feed, access to relevant U.N. publications, and more.
 
Global Initiative to Fight Human Trafficking (UN.GIFT)
The U.S. Global Initiative to Fight Human Trafficking is an initiative which works with stakeholders to provide access to expertise, knowledge, and partnership designed to combat human trafficking.
 
Global Programme against Trafficking in Human Beings
The Global Programme against Trafficking in Human Beings helps U.N. member states combat the involvement of organized crime groups in human trafficking.
 

International Cases

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime – Human Trafficking Case Law Database
The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) Human Trafficking Case Law Database provides access to officially documented instances of human trafficking. The database contains information on the nationalities of victims, trafficking routes, and verdicts, as well as statistics on the number of prosecutions and convictions for human trafficking.
 

Web Resources and Current Awareness 

Arizona Governor's Task Force on Human Trafficking
The Governor's Task Force on Human Trafficking met throughout 2013 to examine Arizona state laws and regulations and provide recommendations for changing state law, administrative practice, and law enforcement training to reduce human trafficking in the state.  The Task Force's Final Report is available on the Governor's website

National Institute of Justice Human Trafficking
The NIJ Human Trafficking website provides a variety of information on domestic and international human trafficking. 
 
UNESCO: Trafficking Statistics Project
UNESCO is conducting a literature review and analysis of existing statistical analysis of human trafficking to clarify the bases on which trafficking numbers are derived. This website provides information on the Trafficking Statistics Project’s actions and methodologies, as well as provides access to statistical information on human trafficking.
 
Human Trafficking Law Blog
This frequently updated blog provides news and information on domestic human trafficking issues and cases.
 
Human Rights Watch News
Human Rights Watch is an international organization that works to defend and protect human rights by focusing international attention on human rights abuses. The organization’s news webpage provides current information on human rights issues worldwide.
 
Center for Criminal Justice and Human Rights Blog
The Center for Criminal Justice and Human Rights is located at the University College Cork, Ireland. The Center’s blog is hosted by the College’s Faculty of Law and offers news and analysis of human rights issues.
 
Polaris Project Blog
The Polaris Project is a Washington, D.C.-based organization that works to fight human trafficking in the United States and globally. The Project’s blog provides news and information related to human trafficking.
 
Amnesty International Human Rights Now Blog
Amnesty International is a human rights organization that works to expose human rights abuses, educate the public, and promote global safety. The organization’s blog is updated frequently and contains information on a wide variety of human rights-related topics.

Updated 7/2013
  

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